高速ウエハ回転にトリハライド気相成長法によりバッファ層なしのオフアクシスSi-からとC面4H-SiCの4度上のGaNエピタキシャル成長

GaNの結果 エピタキシャル crystal growth on 4° off-axis Si- and C-face 4H-SiC without buffer layers by tri-halide vapor-phase epitaxy (THVPE) with high-speed wafer rotation and the properties of the obtained material are briefly described in this paper. GaN epitaxial layers were grown on 4° off-axis 4H-SiC(0001)Si and 4H-SiC(000-1)C substrates. The obtained material’s properties were studied by Nomarski optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, photoluminescence, surface two-photon excitation microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The structural and optical properties of the GaN epitaxial layer are presented and discussed. By adopting an external GaCl3 material supply system, high-speed rotation was applicable, and its effect was confirmed. The results show that when THVPE was used under growth pressure of 600 mbar at 900 °C–950 °C, the surface reaction rate was sufficiently high, and the GaN epitaxial layer was grown under conditions of controlled raw-material supply rates. High growth rates (40–50 μm h−1) and relatively low threading dislocations (~7 × 107 cm−2) were achieved on 4° off 4H-SiC(000-1)C despite the large lattice mismatch (3.1%) between SiC and GaN and without any buffer layers by introducing step flow growth and growth on a high-quality 4H-SiC substrate. We found that epitaxial layers with a smooth surface morphology can be grown on 4H-SiC(000-1)C compared with growth on 4H-SiC(0001)Si.

出典:IOPscience

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