The Development Trend of LED Wafer Chip Industry in 2018
Since 2016, the LED industry has been in a period of rapid development, and by 2018, a new pattern has emerged. Throughout the entire LED industry chain, we can see that the LED wafer chip field is the high-margin link of the LED industry chain.
Domestic major LED wafer chip companies have expanded their production, domestic LED wafer chips will have overcapacity problems, chip prices will turn downwards, foreign LED chip manufacturers will be more cautious in expansion, supply growth is limited, China LED chip factory Aucksun, HC SemiTek Optoelectronics, Sanan Optoelectronics, Xiamen Powerway etc., relying on the advantages of capital and scale to actively expand production, relying on the support policies of government, the global LED wafer chip production capacity has gradually shifted to mainland China.
LED wafer chip market size in 2018
In 2016, LED wafer chip giant Epistar Optoelectronics shut down 25% of Blu-ray chip production capacity, LED wafer chip supply and demand relationship changed, LED wafer chip industry began to pick up in the second half of 2016. In 2017, with the outbreak of the small-pitch LED market and the expansion of the LED wafer chip downstream packaging industry. As a result, there is still a certain gap in the supply of LED wafer chips. The investment rate of China’s LED wafer chip companies is close to 100%, and the output value of China’s LED wafer chips has maintained rapid growth.
It is estimated that China’s MOCVD machines will continue to increase by 288 units to 2,200 units in 2018. With the expansion of domestic LED wafer chip companies, domestic LED wafer chips will have overcapacity problems, and chip prices will turn downwards. The growth rate of chip output will slow down. It is expected that the output value of China’s LED chips will reach 22.5 billion CNY in 2018, up 19.7% year-on-year. The market share of the top three companies will reach 47.8%.
China’s share in the global LED wafer chip market is gradually increasing
LED wafer chip prices are gradually decreasing
After years of development, the price of LED wafer chips has been reduced by the improvement of light efficiency. The cost of chip production mainly includes variable cost and fixed cost. The variable cost includes about 65% of substrate, metal organic reaction source and gas, and fixed cost includes depreciation and other about 35%.
The improvement of manufacturers’ technology has led to the improvement of LED light efficiency. The number of chips that can be cut on the epitaxial wafer per unit area has increased, the cost of chips has decreased, and the price of chips has also decreased year by year. Xiamen Powerway Advanced Material Co., Ltd (PAM-XIAMEN), a leading manufacturer of compound semiconductor material in China, one of its key businesses is LED epitaxial wafer to provide LED wafer chip manufacturer, break down the technology of wafer BOW, its typical wafer bow value of 4”LED wafer on flat sapphire is reduced from 85um in 2016 to 45um in 2017, which increases the chip yield rate a lot and save the chip costs.
LED wafer chip industry pattern changes
According to statistics, the market size of China’s LED wafer chip industry in 2016 exceeded 14.5 billion CNY, up 11.54% year-on-year. From the second half of 2016 to 2017, prices stopped falling and rose steadily. With the increase in production capacity of mainland China manufacturers, the technological gap with Taiwan is getting smaller. The advantages of price, delivery, and rapid market response were obvious. From 2008 to 2016, the national output of LED wafer chips increased from 50% to 80%, reaching 10.6 billion CNY, and imports were 3.3 billion CNY. Due to the obvious price/performance advantage of mainland chip manufacturers, the export ratio has also increased. The export rate in 2015 was 8.1%, and in 2016 it was increased to 9.6%.
China LED wafer chip industry output value (100 million CNY)
The market share of the top ten global manufacturers has increased from 66.1% in 2010 to 85.3% in 2017. The production capacity of mainland LED wafer chips is concentrated in Sanan Optoelectronics and HC SemiTek Optoelectronics. In addition to Osram’s expansion plans, foreign manufacturers have no plans to expand production. Most of China’s local chip manufacturers have been unable to expand production, gradually withdraw from the capacity competition. Although Shenzhen MTC has launched a new LED wafer chip project, the impact on the market in the short term is still very limited.
Increased capacity concentration of mainland chip factories
It is expected that Sanan Optoelectronics, HC SemiTek Optoelectronics and Aucksun will occupy 71% of mainland LED chip production capacity in 2018.
LED wafer chip industry development trend
In recent years, the support of our government’s policies, as well as intensive investment in R&D of enterprises, and with a large number of LED industry experts and teams from Taiwan and Korea joined local companies, the average technical level of domestic LED epitaxial wafer chip companies has developed rapidly and has reached the international advanced level.
Reducing epitaxy and chip cost is critical to promoting LED applications. In recent years, researchers have started from new technologies, new structures, and new technologies. They have continuously reduced the cost of epitaxy and chip production through technology innovation. The cost of white LED packaging will fall from $25/klm in 2009 to $0.7/klm in 2020, and the ultimate goal of LED cost is $0.5/klm, with an average annual cost reduction of over 30%.
In addition to luminous efficiency and unit cost, in LED display, backlight and other applications, LED wafer chip’s light decay, brightness, chromaticity consistency and anti-static ability are also key technical indicators for LED applications.
Although the respective expansion of several major manufacturers is amazing, the overall capacity expansion is relatively limited (145%). Veeco’s Red Bull, AMEC’s A7 and some Axitron’s R6 etc. large-cavity new machines become the main models. The K465i, CRUIS2 and earlier models gradually withdrew from the market, the overall market supply was more concentrated, and the capacity growth was also lower than expected.
In addition, the local government pushes the preferential tax policies, which boost the development of the LED wafer chip industry.
From the perspective of supply structure, because the expansion schedule and range of Sanan’s 2017-2018 is only slightly higher than the expansion rate of the whole industry, the absolute number of expansion is not small, but compared to HC SemiTek and Aucksun, the expansion is too conservative.
The supply structure of the LED wafer chip industry has lost the opportunity to transform into a structure similar to the semiconductor foundry industry, and may gradually form a three-pronged pattern similar to the DRAM memory industry. In contrast, assuming that CR3 is equal, the three-legged structure lacks stability, and the competitive strength is higher than one super-strong and higher than the duopoly structure.
With a profitability of nearly 75% of the industry’s total profit, Sanan, as the industry leader, has the strength to sacrifice some of its profits to operate the strategy of production capacity deterrence, retreating potential entrants (Shen Zhen MTC) and forcing competitors (HC SemiTek, Aucksun) to expand more cautiously.
Although the LED wafer chip industry’s several oligarchs will not Jointly price and distribute the output blatantly in a formal agreement, the increasing industry concentration coupled with the demand for price elasticity of LED wafer chips,
It will also force enterprises to easily reach a tacit agreement, and actively limit production and guarantee prices.
Jason Chen, Vice president of Xiamen Powerway Advanced Material Co., Ltd, believes that the LED wafer chip market in 2018 will not become monopoly pricing by single oligarch, so it is difficult to maintain a high gross profit situation, but there is also a high probability that the price will not collapse again as in 2015. The level of tacit understanding and cooperation between the three oligarchs will become a key factor in determining the price trend of LED wafer chips in 2018. However, the tripoly structure has natural instability, and a new game model is still being formed.
KeyWords: LED wafer, led epitaxy, led diode, gaas led wafer, algainp led wafer, GaAs LED epitaxial wafer, led diode
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