12″ Test Grade Silicon Wafer

PAM-XIAMEN offers 300mm bare silicon wafers (12 inch) dummy, test grade, n type or p type. Compared to other silicon wafer suppliers, Powerway Wafer offers professional service with competitive prices.

  • Description

Product Description

PAM-XIAMEN offers 300mm P type or N type test silicon wafer (12 inch). The silicon test wafer thickness is 775±25μm. Compared to other silicon wafer suppliers, Powerway Wafer offers professional service with competitive prices.

1. Specification of Test Silicon Wafer

Parameters Value
Type of ingot Grown according to the Czochralski method
Diameter, mm 300 ± 0,2
Dopant B (boron)
Conductivity type P
Oxigen max, OLD-PPMA 40
Carbon , PPMA 1
Test silicon wafer crystal orientation <100>
Deviation from the predetermined surface orientation of crystal plane, deg 1
Volume resistivity, Ohm · cm 10-40
Primary Notch Yes
Notch Location 110
Notch size, mm 2,3
Notch Form V
Wafer thickness, microns 775±25
Type of marking Laser
Silicon Laser Marking Location Back side
Edge profile by SEMI T/4
Scratches on the front side absent
Front side polishing yes
Back side polishing yes
Total change in wafer thickness (TTV), micrometers 5
Deflection (WARP), microns 60
The number of particles on a surface larger than 0.09 microns 50
Surface content of aluminium, E10AT/CM2 1


Packing requirements:

Type of packaging MW300GT-A
Inner Container Material Polyethylene
Outer Packing Material Aluminum
Number of pieces in one package 25
Reusability yes


2. Test Silicon Wafer Usage

Silicon wafers larger than 150mm are classified into Mechanical(dummy) Test Wafers and Process Test Wafers, and the test silicon wafer industry standards are in the following SEMI Standards(Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International, a global semiconductor association offered equipment, materials and service for manufacture of the worldwide semiconductor, photovoltaic (PV), LED, MEMS and flat panel display (FPD),and micro or nano-technologies).

3. About Silicon Wafer Test Grade

However, different application has required different parameters for mechanical or process test wafer:

Process Test Grade Silicon Wafers

Process Silicon Wafer Test Grade, is called Monitor wafer, which is for process monitoring and some processing applications in wafer fabrication. Wafer fab also use monitor test wafers to assess equipment cleanliness, support particle measurement or evaluate metallic contamination etc

Dummy Silicon Wafer

Dummy Silicon Wafer, also called Mechanical grade test wafer, is to test equipment for wafer dimensional and structural characteristics only, which is used to do equipment automation handling tests, reliability marathons, and software tests, and assess interoperability performance of wafer handling hardware.

Also silicon wafer fab use mechanical grade silicon test wafers to process development applications that are not sensitive for particle and defects.

Test Particle Grade Silicon Wafers

Test Particle Grade Silicon Wafers is for particle test monitors to measure wafer particle for applications, like CVD and ALD process.

According to SEMI standard, Particle of silicon wafer must be < 0.6 particles@>0.125μm/cm2 and < 0.15 particles@>0.25μm/cm2 for 250nm process and 130nm Design Rule Usage, 300mm wafers must have ≤60 LLS@>=90nm for 130nm process.

Silicon Wafers for Photolithography or Patterning Test

Test Silicon Wafers for Photolithography or Patterning Test mainly focus on requirement in wafer thickness variation, TTV, WARP, BOW and flatness. For instant, a 250nm wafer die Design, its corresponding SEMI Standard M24: Flatness per Site (SFSR) of ≤ 0.2μm at site size 25 x 25mm.

Furnace Grade Test Silicon Wafers

Furnace Grade Test Wafer Semiconductor has strictly requirement for electrical characteristics but not tight particle performance.

Resistivity of Furnace grade test silicon wafer should be above 1ohm.cm and doped very evenly with lifetime>=200us.

Also furnace grade wafers is strictly controlled oxygen and carbon content, as well as radial resistivity gradient.

Virgin Test Wafers

Virgin test silicon wafers are not used in semiconductor manufacturing, but for wafer process monitoring according to SEMI M8-93.

Solar Grade Silicon Wafer

Compared with IC grade silicon wafer, Solar Grade silicon wafer has lower requirement,

its purity is >=99.9999% while purity in IC grade is >=99999999,99%


4. FAQ: 

Q: What is the Difference between Prime, Test and Dummy Silicon Wafer?

A: Prime grade silicon wafer is the best grade silicon wafer for formal wafer manufacturing and photolithography.

Test silicon wafer is the silicon wafer for equipment test or fab management and test.

Dummy grade silicon wafer is the silicon wafer for production process evaluation, or safety measure in production line.

Compared with Test grade silicon wafer, the parameters of dummy grade silicon wafer is much easier or loose for testing equipment for wafer dimensional and structural characteristics only. But it is not so strict to distinguish sometimes.


PAM-XIAMEN can offer you technology and wafer support.

For more information, please visit our website: https://www.powerwaywafer.com/silicon-wafer,

send us email at sales@powerwaywafer.com and powerwaymaterial@gmail.com