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Home > News > Performance of colloidal silica and ceria based slurries on CMP of Si-face 6H-SiC substrates

 Highlights

•The performance of colloidal silica and ceria based slurries on CMP of 6H-SiC substrates were evaluated.
•There was a significant difference in the CMP performance of 6H-SiC between silica and ceria based slurries.
•For the ceria based slurries, a higher MRR was obtained, especially in strong acid KMnO4 environment.
•The maximum MRR of silica and ceria based slurries were 185 nm/h and 1089 nm/h respectively.

Colloidal silica and ceria based slurries, both using KMnO4 as an oxidizer, for chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) of Si-face (0 0 0 1) 6H-SiC substrate, were investigated to obtain higher material removal rate (MRR) and ultra-smooth surface. The results indicate that there was a significant difference in the CMP performance of 6H-SiC between silica and ceria based slurries. For the ceria based slurries, a higher MRR was obtained, especially in strong acid KMnO4 environment, and the maximum MRR (1089 nm/h) and a smoother surface with an average roughness Ra of 0.11 nm was achieved using slurries containing 2 wt% colloidal ceria, 0.05 M KMnO4 at pH 2. In contrast, due to the attraction between negative charged silica particles and positive charged SiC surface below pH 5, the maximum MRR of silica based slurry was only 185 nm/h with surface roughness Ra of 0.254 nm using slurries containing 6 wt% colloidal silica, 0.05 M KMnO4 at pH 6. The polishing mechanism was discussed based on the zeta potential measurements of the abrasives and the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis of the polished SiC surfaces.


Graphical abstract

There was a significant difference in the CMP performance of 6H-SiC between silica and ceria based slurries. For the ceria based slurries, a higher MRR was obtained, especially in strong acid KMnO4 environment.

Image for unlabelled figure

Keywords

  • Chemical mechanical polishing (CMP)
  • Silicon carbide (SiC)
  • Silica
  • Ceria

Source:Sciencedirect

 

 

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